EASA part 66 / JAR–66  Syllabus       Quiz11-1    <>     CAA exam 130 questions   More Books

AMT & JAR66   US-Books  <Amazon>    UK-Books   <Amazon>  Deutschland     <Amazon>  France
Other Aviation   US-Books  <Amazon>    UK-Books   <Amazon>  Deutschland     <Amazon>  France

More Books                              Pilot Books

New Discussion Board www.Jartraining.de/phpBB3        Module 11

Books to study Module  11

Books for this module from Amazon US

Airframe Books
A & P Technician Airframe Textbook  by Jeppesen   CAA Recommended
AMT Book Airframe Volume 1 : Structures  by Dale Crane
AMT Book Airframe Volume 2 : Systems by Dale Crane
FAA Airframe Powerplant Mechanics: Airframe Handbook  CAA Recommended
Aircraft Maintenance and Repair by Michael J. Kroes  Glencoe Book
Airplane Maintenance & Repair  Douglas S. Carmody     Click to view contents
Aircraft Systems and Components by D. F. Garrett   Jeppesen Book
Aircraft Systems (Practical Flying Series) by David A. Lombardo
Advanced Aircraft Systems   by David A. Lombardo
Mechanics if Aircraft Structures   C.T. Sun
Aerodynamics, Engines and Systems for the Professional Pilot  David Robson
Flight Control Systems   Roger Pratt
Flight Mechanics of High Performance Aircraft   Andre Turcat
Mechanics of Aircraft Structures C. T. Sun
Oil Hydraulic Systems : Principles and Maintenance  by S. R. Majumdar 
Basic Pneumatics   by Jay F. Hooper
Hydraulics and Pneumatics: A Technicians and Engineers Guide by Andrew Parr


Avionics, Electrical & Instruments Books

Aircraft Digital Electronic and Computer Systems: Principles, Operation and Maintenance for avionics by Tooley
Aircraft Instruments and Avionics for A&P Technicians

AC Power Systems Handbook, Second Edition by Jerry C. Whitaker
Aircraft: Electricity and Electronics - Glencoe's Aviation Technology Series, Student Study Guide by Eismin
Digital Avionics Systems : Principles and Practice by Cary R. Spitzer
Introduction to Avionics   Dale R. Cundy, Rick S. Brown
Manual of Avionics: An Introduction to the Electronics of Civil AviationUK  Brian Kendal
Aerospace Avionics Systems: A Modern Synthesis   George M. Siouris
Civil Avionics Systems   I. Moir, Sirona G. Knight
Aviation Computing Systems   Mal Gormley
Principles of Avionics
by Albert Helfrick
Modern Aviation Electronics by Albert D. Helfrick
Aircraft Electrical Systems by E H J Pallett
Automatic Flight Control   E.H.J. Pallett, Shawn Coyle
Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems by E H J Pallet
Basic Electronics and Radio Installation (An Iap, Inc. Training Manual) by  Dale Crane
Aircraft Instruments and Avionics for A&P Technicians  by Max F. Henderson
Avionics Navigation Systems by Myron Kayton, Walter R. Fried
The Avionics Handbook by Cary R. Spitzer
Digital Avionics Systems: Principles and Practice by Cary R. Spitzer
Avionics Troubleshooting and Repair by Edward R. Maher
Pilot's Avionics Survival Guide  by Edward R. Maher
Avionic Systems: Operations and Maintenance -- James W. Wasson
Trends in Advanced Avionics by Jim Curran
Avionics Fundamentals
Analog and Digital Communications (Schaum's Outlines) by Hwei Hsu
Aircraft Radio Systems by James Powell
Modern Control Systems  Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop
Communication and Radar Systems  by Nicolaos S. Tzannes
Radar Handbook   by Merrill Ivan Skolnik
Introduction to Airborne Radar   by George W. Stimson  
Secondary Surveillance Radar    by Michael C. Stevens


Books for this module from Amazon UK

Airframe Books
AMT Book Airframe : Structures by Crane
AMT Book Airframe : Systems 2nd by Crane
A & P Technician Airframe Textbook  by Jeppesen   CAA Recommended
FAA Airframe Powerplant Mechanics: Airframe Handbook 
Aircraft Maintenance and Repair by Michael J. Kroes
Airplane Maintenance & Repair  Douglas S. Carmody
Aircraft Systems and Components by D. F. Garrett   Jeppesen Book
Aircraft Systems (Practical Flying Series) by David A. Lombardo
Advanced Aircraft Systems   by David A. Lombardo
Mechanics of Aircraft Structures  C.T. Sun
Aerodynamics, Engines and Systems for the Professional Pilot  David Robson
Flight Control Systems   Roger Pratt  
Oil Hydraulic Systems : Principles and Maintenance  by S. R. Majumdar 
Basic Pneumatics   by Jay F. Hooper
Hydraulics and Pneumatics: A Technicians and Engineers Guide by Andrew Parr

Avionics, Electrical & Instruments Books

Aircraft Digital Electronic and Computer Systems: Principles, Operation and Maintenance for M5,11 &13 avionics

Aircraft Instruments and Avionics for A&P Technicians
Aviation Electronics  by Keith W. Bose
Electrical Systems for A & PS (Ea-412)
Aircraft Electricity and Electronics (Glencoe's Aviation Technology Series) ~Thomas K. Eismin
AC Power Systems Handbook, Second Edition by Jerry C. Whitaker
Modern Aviation Electronics by Albert D. Helfrick
Aircraft Electrical Systems by E H J Pallett                                   CAA Recommended      The 3 Pallett books are excellent!
Automatic Flight Control   E.H.J. Pallett, Shawn Coyle      CAA Recommended
Aircraft Instruments and Integrated Systems by E H J Pallet      CAA Recommended
Electric,Electronics, Logic & Auto-Flight, Instruments  Mike Burton
Aerospace Avionics Systems: A Modern Synthesis   George M. Siouris
Civil Avionics Systems   I. Moir, Sirona G. Knight
Aviation Computing Systems   Mal Gormley
Aircraft Instruments and Avionics for A&P Technicians  by Max F. Henderson
Introduction to Avionics ~ Dale R. Cundy, Rick S. Brown
Avionics Navigation Systems by Myron Kayton, Walter R. Fried
The Avionics Handbook by Cary R. Spitzer
Digital Avionics Systems:
Principles and Practice by Cary R. Spitzer
Avionics Troubleshooting and Repair by Edward R. Maher
Pilot's Avionics Survival Guide  by Edward R. Maher
Trends in Advanced Avionics by Jim Curran
Avionics Fundamentals
Analog and Digital Communications (Schaum's Outlines) by Hwei Hsu
Aircraft Radio Systems by James Powell
Modern Control Systems  Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop
Communication and Radar Systems  by Nicolaos S. Tzannes
Radar Handbook   by Merrill Ivan Skolnik
Introduction to Airborne Radar   by George W. Stimson  
Secondary Surveillance Radar    by Michael C. Stevens


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MODULE 11A. TURBINE AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
LEVEL
A1 B1.1
11.1 Theory of Flight
11.1.1. Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight Controls  1  2
Operation and effect of:
— roll control: ailerons and spoilers,
— pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards,
— yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
High lift devices, slots, slats, flaps, flaperons;
Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
16.11.2011 Official J




MODULE 11A — TURBINE AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
Category A: 108 multi-choice and 0 essay questions. Time allowed 135 minutes.
Category B1: 140 multi-choice and 0 essay questions. Time allowed 175 minutes.

MODULE 11A. TURBINE AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
LEVEL
A1    B1.1
11.1 Theory of Flight
11.1.1. Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight Controls
1        2
Operation and effect of: — roll control: ailerons and spoilers, — pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards, — yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
High lift devices, slots, slats, flaps, flaperons;
Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices;
Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels.

11.1.2. High Speed Flight
1        2
Speed of sound, subsonic flight, transonic flight, supersonic flight;
Mach number, critical Mach number, compressibility buffet, shock wave, aerodynamic heating, area rule;
Factors affecting airflow in engine intakes of high speed aircraft;
Effects of sweepback on critical Mach number.

11.2 Airframe Structures — General Concepts
2        2
(a) Airworthiness requirements for structural strength; Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary; Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts; Zonal and station identification systems; Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue; Drains and ventilation provisions; System installation provisions; Lightning strike protection provision; Aircraft bonding.
1        2
(b) Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage, formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames, doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures, reinforcement, methods of skinning, anti-corrosive protection, wing, empennage and engine attachments; Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding; Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting; Surface cleaning; Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment and symmetry checks.

11.3 Airframe Structures — Aeroplanes
11.3.1 Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56)
1        2
Construction and pressurisation sealing;
Wing, stabiliser, pylon and undercarriage attachments;
Seat installation and cargo loading system;
Doors and emergency exits: construction, mechanisms, operation and safety devices;
Windows and windscreen construction and mechanisms.
11.3.2 Wings (ATA 57)
1        2
Construction;
Fuel storage;
Landing gear, pylon, control surface and high lift/drag attachments.

11.3.3 Stabilisers (ATA 55)
1        2
Construction;
Control surface attachment.

11.3.4 Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57)
1        2
Construction and attachment;
Balancing — mass and aerodynamic.

11.3.5 Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54)
1        2
Nacelles/Pylons: — Construction, — Firewalls, — Engine mounts.

11.4 Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)
11.4.1 Air supply
1        2
Sources of air supply including engine bleed, APU and ground cart.

11.4.2 Air Conditioning
1        3   
Air conditioning systems;
Air cycle and vapour cycle machines;
Distribution systems;
Flow, temperature and humidity control system.

11.4.3 Pressurisation
1        3
Pressurisation systems;
Control and indication including control and safety valves;
Cabin pressure controllers.

11.4.4 Safety and warning devices
1        3
Protection and warning devices.

11.5 Instruments/Avionic Systems
11.5.1 Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
1        2
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems;
Glass cockpit;
Other aircraft system indication.

11.5.2 Avionic Systems
1        1
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:
— Auto Flight (ATA 22),
— Communications (ATA 23),
— Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11.6 Electrical Power (ATA 24)
1        3
Batteries Installation and Operation;
DC power generation;
AC power generation;
Emergency power generation;
Voltage regulation;
Power distribution;
Inverters, transformers, rectifiers;
Circuit protection;
External/Ground power.

11.7 Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)
2         2
(a) Emergency equipment requirements; Seats, harnesses and belts.
1         1
(b) Cabin lay-out; Equipment lay-out; Cabin Furnishing installation; Cabin entertainment equipment; Galley installation; Cargo handling and retention equipment; Airstairs.

11.8 Fire Protection (ATA 26)
1        3
(a) Fire and smoke detection and warning systems; Fire extinguishing systems; System tests;

1         1
(b) Portable fire extinguisher.

11.9 Flight Controls (ATA 27)
1        3
Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler;
Trim control;
Active load control;
High lift devices;
Lift dump, speed brakes;
System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, fly-by-wire;
Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust lock systems;
Balancing and rigging;
Stall protection/warning system.

11.10 Fuel Systems (ATA 28)
1        3
System lay-out;
Fuel tanks;
Supply systems;
Dumping, venting and draining;
Cross-feed and transfer;
Indications and warnings;
Refuelling and defuelling;
Longitudinal balance fuel systems.

11.11 Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)
1        3
System lay-out;
Hydraulic fluids;
Hydraulic reservoirs and accumulators;
Pressure generation: electric, mechanical, pneumatic;
Emergency pressure generation;
Filters;
Pressure Control;
Power distribution;
Indication and warning systems;
Interface with other systems.

11.12 Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)
1        3
Ice formation, classification and detection;
Anti-icing systems: electrical, hot air and chemical;
De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical;
Rain repellent;
Probe and drain heating;
Wiper systems.

11.13 Landing Gear (ATA 32)
2        3
Construction, shock absorbing;
Extension and retraction systems: normal and emergency;
Indications and warning;
Wheels, brakes, antiskid and autobraking;
Tyres;
Steering;
Air-ground sensing.

11.14 Lights (ATA 33)
2        3
External: navigation, anti collision, landing, taxiing, ice;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Emergency.

11.15 Oxygen (ATA 35)
1        3
System lay-out: cockpit, cabin;
Sources, storage, charging and distribution;
Supply regulation;
Indications and warnings.

11.16 Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)
1        3
System lay-out;
Sources: engine/APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply;
Pressure control;
Distribution;
Indications and warnings;
Interfaces with other systems.

11.17 Water/Waste (ATA 38)
2        3
Water system lay-out, supply, distribution, servicing and draining;
Toilet system lay-out, flushing and servicing;
Corrosion aspects.

11.18 On Board Maintenance Systems (ATA 45)
1        2
Central maintenance computers;
Data loading system;
Electronic library system;
Printing;
Structure monitoring (damage tolerance monitoring).

11.19 Integrated Modular Avionics (ATA42)
1        2
Functions that may be typically integrated in the Integrated Modular Avionic (IMA) modules are, among others: Bleed Management, Air Pressure Control, Air Ventilation and Control, Avionics and Cockpit Ventilation Control, Temperature Control, Air Traffic Communication, Avionics Communication Router, Electrical Load Management, Circuit Breaker Monitoring, Electrical System BITE, Fuel Management, Braking Control, Steering Control, Landing Gear Extension and Retraction, Tyre Pressure Indication, Oleo Pressure Indication, Brake Temperature Monitoring, etc.
Core System; Network Components.

11.20 Cabin Systems (ATA44)
1        2
The units and components which furnish a means of entertaining the passengers and providing communication within the aircraft (Cabin Intercommunication Data System) and between the aircraft cabin and ground stations (Cabin Network Service). Includes voice, data, music and video transmissions.
The Cabin Intercommunication Data System provides an interface between cockpit/cabin crew and cabin systems. These systems support data exchange of the different related LRU’s and they are typically operated via Flight Attendant Panels.
The Cabin Network Service typically consists on a server, typically interfacing with, among others, the following systems: — Data/Radio Communication, In-Flight Entertainment System.
The Cabin Network Service may host functions such as: — Access to pre-departure/departure reports, — E-mail/intranet/Internet access, — Passenger database;
Cabin Core System;
In-flight Entertainment System;
External Communication System;
Cabin Mass Memory System;
Cabin Monitoring System;
Miscellaneous Cabin System.

11.21 Information Systems (ATA46)
1        2
The units and components which furnish a means of storing, updating and retrieving digital information traditionally provided on paper, microfilm or microfiche. Includes units that are dedicated to the information storage and retrieval function such as the electronic library mass storage and controller. Does not include units or components installed for other uses and shared with other systems, such as flight deck printer or general use display.
Typical examples include Air Traffic and Information Management Systems and Network Server Systems
Aircraft General Information System;
Flight Deck Information System;
Maintenance Information System;
Passenger Cabin Information System;
Miscellaneous Information System.


MODULE 11B — PISTON AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
Category A: 72 multi-choice and 0 essay questions. Time allowed 90 minutes.
Category B1: 100 multi-choice and 0 essay questions. Time allowed 125 minutes.

MODULE 11B. PISTON AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
Note 1: This module does not apply to category B3. Relevant subject matters for category B3 are defined in module 11C.
Note 2: The scope of this Module shall reflect the technology of aeroplanes pertinent to the A2 and B1.2 subcategory.
LEVEL
A2    B1.2
11.1 Theory of Flight
11.1.1. Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight Controls
1        2
Operation and effect of: — roll control: ailerons and spoilers, — pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards, — yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
High lift devices, slots, slats, flaps, flaperons;
Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices;
Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels.

11.1.2. High Speed Flight — N/A
—        —
11.2 Airframe Structures — General Concepts
(a) Airworthiness requirements for structural strength; Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary; Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts; Zonal and station identification systems; Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue; Drains and ventilation provisions; System installation provisions; Lightning strike protection provision; Aircraft bonding.
2        2
(b) Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage, formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames, doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures, reinforcement, methods of skinning, anti-corrosive protection, wing, empennage and engine attachments; Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding; Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting; Surface cleaning; Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment and symmetry checks.

11.3 Airframe Structures — Aeroplanes
11.3.1 Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56)
1        2
Construction and pressurisation sealing;
Wing, tail-plane, pylon and undercarriage attachments;
Seat installation;
Doors and emergency exits: construction and operation;
Windows and windscreen attachment.

11.3.2 Wings (ATA 57)
1        2
Construction;
Fuel storage;
Landing gear, pylon, control surface and high lift/drag attachments.

11.3.3 Stabilisers (ATA 55)
1        2
Construction;
Control surface attachment.

11.3.4 Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57)
1        2
Construction and attachment;
Balancing — mass and aerodynamic.
11.3.5 Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54)
1        2
Nacelles/Pylons: — Construction, — Firewalls, — Engine mounts.

11.4 Air Conditioning and Cabin Pressurisation (ATA 21)
1        3
Pressurisation and air conditioning systems;
Cabin pressure controllers, protection and warning devices;
Heating systems.

11.5 Instruments/Avionic Systems
11.5.1 Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
1        2
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems;
Glass cockpit;
Other aircraft system indication.

11.5.2 Avionic Systems
1        1
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:
— Auto Flight (ATA 22),
— Communications (ATA 23),
— Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11.6 Electrical Power (ATA 24)
1        3
Batteries Installation and Operation;
DC power generation;
Voltage regulation;
Power distribution;
Circuit protection;
Inverters, transformers.

11.7 Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)
2        2
(a) Emergency equipment requirements; Seats, harnesses and belts;
1        1
(b) Cabin lay-out; Equipment lay-out; Cabin Furnishing installation; Cabin entertainment equipment; Galley installation; Cargo handling and retention equipment; Airstairs.

11.8 Fire Protection (ATA 26)
1        3
(a) Fire and smoke detection and warning systems; Fire extinguishing systems; System tests;
1        3
(b) Portable fire extinguisher.

11.9 Flight Controls (ATA 27)
1        3
Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder;
Trim tabs;
High lift devices;
System operation: manual;
Gust locks;
Balancing and rigging;
Stall warning system.

11.10 Fuel Systems (ATA 28)
1        3
System lay-out;
Fuel tanks;
Supply systems;
Cross-feed and transfer;
Indications and warnings;
Refuelling and defuelling.

11.11 Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)
1        3
System lay-out;
Hydraulic fluids;
Hydraulic reservoirs and accumulators;
Pressure generation: electric, mechanical;
Filters;
Pressure Control;
Power distribution;
Indication and warning systems.

11.12 Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)
1        3
Ice formation, classification and detection;
De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical;
Probe and drain heating;
Wiper systems.

11.13 Landing Gear (ATA 32)
2        3
Construction, shock absorbing;
Extension and retraction systems: normal and emergency;
Indications and warning;
Wheels, brakes, antiskid and autobraking;
Tyres;
Steering;
Air-ground sensing.

11.14 Lights (ATA 33)
2        3
External: navigation, anti collision, landing, taxiing, ice;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Emergency.

11.15 Oxygen (ATA 35)
1        3
System lay-out: cockpit, cabin;
Sources, storage, charging and distribution;
Supply regulation;
Indications and warnings.

11.16 Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)
1        3
System lay-out;
Sources: engine/APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply;
Pressure control;
Distribution;
Indications and warnings;
Interfaces with other systems.

11.17 Water/Waste (ATA 38)
2        3
Water system lay-out, supply, distribution, servicing and draining;
Toilet system lay-out, flushing and servicing;
Corrosion aspects.



MODULE 11C — PISTON AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
Category B3: 60 multi-choice and 0 essay questions. Time allowed 75 minutes.

MODULE 11C. PISTON AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS
Note: The scope of this module shall reflect the technology of aeroplanes pertinent to the B3 category.
Aeroplanes below 2000 kg

11.1 Theory of Flight
Aeroplane Aerodynamics and Flight Controls
B3 Level 1
Operation and effect of: — roll control: ailerons, — pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards, — yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
High lift devices, slots, slats, flaps, flaperons;
Drag inducing devices, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices;
Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and anti-balance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels.

11.2 Airframe Structures — General Concepts
B3 Level 2(
a) Airworthiness requirements for structural strength; Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary; Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts; Zonal and station identification systems; Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue; Drains and ventilation provisions; System installation provisions; Lightning strike protection provision; Aircraft bonding;
B3 Level 2
(b) Construction methods of: stressed skin fuselage, formers, stringers, longerons, bulkheads, frames, doublers, struts, ties, beams, floor structures, reinforcement, methods of skinning, anti-corrosive protection, wing, empennage and engine attachments; Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding; Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting; Surface cleaning; Airframe symmetry: methods of alignment and symmetry checks.

11.3 Airframe Structures — Aeroplanes
11.3.1 Fuselage (ATA 52/53/56)
B3 Level 1
Construction;
Wing, tail-plane, pylon and undercarriage attachments;
Seat installation;
Doors and emergency exits: construction and operation;
Window and windscreen attachment.

11.3.2 Wings (ATA 57)
B3 Level 1
Construction;
Fuel storage;
Landing gear, pylon, control surface and high lift/drag attachments.

11.3.3 Stabilisers (ATA 55)
B3 Level 1
Construction;
Control surface attachment.

11.3.4 Flight Control Surfaces (ATA 55/57)
B3 Level 1
Construction and attachment;
Balancing — mass and aerodynamic.

11.3.5 Nacelles/Pylons (ATA 54)
Nacelles/Pylons: — Construction, — Firewalls, — Engine mounts.
B3 Level 1

11.4 Air Conditioning (ATA 21)
Heating and ventilation systems.
B3 Level 1

11.5 Instruments/Avionic Systems
11.5.1 Instrument Systems (ATA 31)
B3 Level 1
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems;
Glass cockpit;
Other aircraft system indication.

11.5.2 Avionic Systems
B3 Level 1
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:
— Auto Flight (ATA 22),
— Communications (ATA 23),
— Navigation Systems (ATA 34).

11.6 Electrical Power (ATA 24)
B3 Level 2
Batteries Installation and Operation;
DC power generation;
Voltage regulation;
Power distribution;
Circuit protection;
Inverters, transformers.

11.7 Equipment and Furnishings (ATA 25)
B3 Level 2
Emergency equipment requirements;
Seats, harnesses and belts.

11.8 Fire Protection (ATA 26)
B3 Level 2
Portable fire extinguisher.

11.9 Flight Controls (ATA 27)
B3 Level 3
Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder;
Trim tabs;
High lift devices;
System operation: manual;
Gust locks;
Balancing and rigging;
Stall warning system.

11.10 Fuel Systems (ATA 28)
B3 Level 2
System lay-out;
Fuel tanks;
Supply systems;
Cross-feed and transfer;
Indications and warnings;
Refuelling and defuelling.

11.11 Hydraulic Power (ATA 29)
B3 Level 2
System lay-out;
Hydraulic fluids;
Hydraulic reservoirs and accumulators;
Pressure generation: electric, mechanical;
Filters;
Pressure Control;
Power distribution;
Indication and warning systems.

11.12 Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30)
B3 Level 1
Ice formation, classification and detection;
De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical;
Probe and drain heating;
Wiper systems.

11.13 Landing Gear (ATA 32)
B3 Level 2
Construction, shock absorbing;
Extension and retraction systems: normal and emergency;
Indications and warning;
Wheels, brakes, antiskid and autobraking;
Tyres;
Steering.

11.14 Lights (ATA 33)
B3 Level 2
External: navigation, anti collision, landing, taxiing, ice;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Emergency.

11.15 Oxygen (ATA 35)
B3 Level 2
System lay-out: cockpit, cabin;
Sources, storage, charging and distribution;
Supply regulation;
Indications and warnings.

11.16 Pneumatic/Vacuum (ATA 36)
B3 Level 2
System lay-out;
Sources: engine/APU, compressors, reservoirs, ground supply;
Pressure and vacuum pumps
Pressure control;
Distribution;
Indications and warnings;
Interfaces with other systems.